Neuroscience: Equations for Consciousness and Mathematical Parameters

Guest Post by David Stephen who continues his discussion of Neuroscience

Consciousness can be defined as the rate any which any system can know, with a maximum of 1. The more a system can know at any moment, the more conscious or towards maximum consciousness it is. Knowing is the basis of conscious experiences, obtainable to varying degrees.

Neuroscience: Equations for Consciousness and Mathematical Parameters

See [to know], then feel and react is the central pathway. It applies as well to touch, smell, taste and hearing. Knowing is the first phase in the mind after sensory inputs are converted or integrated into what the mind can use. There are minimums of consciousness per division. Divisions of consciousness are defined by the human mind at aspects from which consciousness is provisioned.

t + M + F + E = 1

t = thought in lower case because thoughts are quantities in transport, bearing properties, not a standalone parameter. t is included here for unplaced states like the sense of self, or the subjective experience of things, which is also a property in the mind, or the I in anything. It also includes action and reaction, since thought sets them up—as experiences.

M = Memory, signifies everything known. It is where cognition is based, as well as intelligence, creativity and so forth. Knowing is mostly here, though other divisions have aspects of it, but M represents what is known w.r.t. decision-making. It is this knowing that is useful to avoid predators, seek prey or do economics.

F = Feelings mostly cold, heat, satiation, thirst, sleepiness, lethargy, pain, strain and so forth. They also include interoception or all bodily or visceral states, like bloating, inflammation of a tendon, lymphedema and so forth.

E = Emotions and variants including mood, depression, anxiety, sadness, hurt, irritation, frustration, anger, delight, calm, cool, interest, fascination and so on.

There is often a dot on top to indicate which one has the most prioritization in a moment, with the highest figure tending towards 1, while others are in pre-prioritization.

The distribution is not even for all or respectively at 0.25, because there is always one prioritized in a moment, taking a large number. In cases of serious fear, panic or in an emergency, it may get close to 0.70 but scarcely beyond. The usual number for others in pre-prioritization rarely goes lower than 0.10, and hardly even.

There is no state of consciousness without these 4 divisions. Vegetative state, minimal consciousness, coma, general anesthesia, stages of sleep and others often have each with rates, but low prioritization with F. In a sleep with dreams, there is prioritization with M, as well as E. Interchanges between divisions are often fast and numerous, with multiple prioritizations possible within a second.

For internal senses, in a normal state of consciousness, they regularly work in pre-prioritization, without knowing or awareness, doing so too in alternate states of consciousness. What is not in conscious experience occurs in the same process as conscious experiences: so while the process is not known to the individual, it is known or experienced by the mind, where consciousness is based. What gets given to the individual is via degree or duration.

When asleep that internal senses get prioritization [within F], they may not be known or experienced by the individual, mostly due to the little time spent, since there are many parts to run through. This means that when aspects of some tissue or blood vessel are prioritized, they may be evanescent, so even if the degree goes up, it is not directly felt and if it would, it may, through other regulars like heart rate [*thick property], rather than the specific vessel.

This is different from processed external senses, like sight or smell that are known, in part due to degree and the time spent prioritized. The necessities for consciousness aren’t knowing or experience by the individual. They are sometimes perceptible, but there are placements of constancy in properties acquired that decide.

Assuming it were possible to know everything at once, the expression for consciousness would have been multiplication, with each division totaling 1 and all equals to 1. There would be no pre-prioritization. It would have had a k as a standalone, instead of t. It implies that k would not just have to implement for others, but constantly operate independently, which t does not.

or,

k x M x F x E = 1

The divisions or the parameters of consciousness can also be called the elements of the human mind. But they are different from the components of the mind. Conceptually, the human mind, the neighbor of the brain, has a structure, with relays and destinations of components that determine what is referred to as memory, feelings and emotions.

The components of the mind are quantities and properties. The interpretation the mind gives, of things, are properties obtained. For example, seeing a sentence and knowing what it means, or to see an object and remember something else are interpretations the mind gives of the external, or property obtained in that instance.

Though M extends to regulation or control of internal senses, giving limits or extents of functions—as well as to feel and know, or emotion and know—in the mind, they are properties acquired. Altered states of consciousness are outlined by components of mind.

Quantities [as dots] relay across mind locations to acquire properties [as nearly static shapes] to degrees, to determine what is experienced or related with per moment. Quantities can be prioritized or pre-prioritized. Prioritization determines reach and access. Prioritization and pre-prioritization explains binocular rivalry, with quick interchanges. Subliminal stimuli falls under pre-prioritization. Most automatic processes fall within pre-prioritized quantities. Controlled processes can be pre-prioritized or prioritized.

What the mind can control or not, for bodily states are through reaches or degrees. For example, it may not be possible to control the liver with a thought, unlike paying attention or breathing. Control is by degree as well as access to the specific thin property, not just the thick or common property. The liver has properties across the mind, but the start/stop specific property may not be accessible by thought, unlike for breathing.

Quantities have early-splits or go-before, so that some in a beam go ahead to acquire properties like in a prior situation, while others follow, explaining what is described as predictive coding, processing and prediction error. Two letters in a word may be seen and there is a split that goes to acquire a completion, so that when the rest of the word is seen, if it matches processing is easier, if it does not, the incoming quantities acquire the right property, correcting the ‘error’.

Quantities also have old and new sequences. M is not often about what is ‘stored’ but could be a sequence, like not recalling the details of a recording but knowing it was heard before, because it went through an old sequence.

Properties have different shapes and sizes. Properties have a principal spot, where one goes to have the most domination, attracting quantities of different inputs. Sometimes, it is the combination of prioritization of a quantity, acquiring a property, in position—at the principal spot—that determines a high rating.

Properties have bounce points where a quantity can get to before going to the next, explaining associative memory. Properties have thin and *thick shapes. Thin with the smallest possible unique information or aspect of anything, while thick contains similarities between two or more. This means that a unique table known is a thin shape, but tables with common features are thick properties. This also applies to spectrums of fear, anxiety and so forth.

Expressing for quantities and properties

./ + ./. + . + .| + ../.| + :/ = 1

For all

In general, x(X) + q(p) = 1

where x is the prioritized quantity acquiring the property X and q is pre-prioritized.

Stretching Consciousness

Wood has molecules but wood is not referred to as conscious. The molecules in wood and other objects are in constant motion, but their collective does not provide knowing to their host. The molecules are also in a defined motion which can be changed due to temperature or other factors. The molecules in this case and in similar objects are negligibly conscious.

A fan, an elevator, a traffic light, a switch and other electrical appliances do what they are told, or know that this should be done—when this instruction is given. However, their capped output [off low directional knowing] also falls into negligible consciousness. They have the M but it is so low that it far from 1 and does not compare to the lowest common for humans at 0.10.

Artificial intelligence, especially the recent large language models are different. They have a high number of M, which is high enough to match that of humans in certain regards. They have zero t, F and E. But they know what those are. Their M is high-single, sometimes reaching 0.10 but less than 0.20 since it follows a predictive order, while for humans it does not. They are not negligibly conscious.

A philosophical zombie will have an amount of M, since it will also know albeit it has no subjective experience, or simply the knowing of it. Subjective experiences are a property on the human mind. They are not always acquired. There are several situations with detachment, as well as states where subjective experience is close to nil—not known or acquired.

Plants have some M. They also have forms of F and E. Giving them some low general consciousness. Animals have distributions of F, t, E and M, making them highly conscious.See more breaking stories here.