Brain Science: The Economic Opportunity of Global Mental Health

Mental health is a key economic opportunity for any country that provides something new and scalable towards care, internally and for the rest of the world. It is an era where things affecting the mind are confronted, to adjust or prevent their weight from causing further distress. There are several breaks by sport stars, musical artists, school off days, burnout support at work, therapy options, harm reduction programs and so on. There are adoptions of solutions like mindfulness, meditation and so on.

Brain Science: Economic Opportunity of Mental Health

Though mainstream, mental health still seems confusing because several things are linked to its problems and several others are said to be beneficial. However, in any mental state, what is present? For the present elements what are their rules? For those rules how do they make decision for OK, not not OK?

The brain is the question to mental health but is also an answer, if what it uses to express mental health have better understood mechanisms.

Global mental health and addiction care is still an open field for a country, to advance and provide for, in a fresh way striking out from general approaches.

Two poles, thought and memory, present in every solution or problem of mental health can have their rules displayed as the architecture of mind, to position care.

The country would have to invest, incentivize its companies and institutions to structure these elements of mental health and addiction experiences in a different direction from everything obtainable everywhere else.

This guest post by David Stephen explores thought and memory as the constructs of cells and molecules of the brain, with how their destinations make determinations for the state of mind.

Showing thought and memory relays digitally, based on a conceptual brain science model would become a necessary tool for care, while bringing revenues, from tokens back to the economy, leading the world in a vital area.

Neuroscience: Rules of the Transport of Thoughts and Memory

Everyone has thoughts. There are properties of thoughts—where they go or how that makes them different. Some thoughts are faster, some are heavier, some bear promptings, others are repetitive or intrusive and so on. Thoughts are the versions of things that are known.

Things that can be thought about are in the form of thought, so they are used directly in thinking. Nothing is held in mind that is not thought or its form, including imaginations, dreams, inner voice, predictions, perception, memories and so on.

Thought is also what the memory stores, since all sensory inputs end up for query if they are known or not.

Something can be seen and known or not known. Something can be heard and remembered or not. The sensory pathway ends up with knowing, so that relating with the external world is easier.

Though the brain has cells, impulses, molecules, genes, hemispheres, lobes, matters, and so on, the principal quality of the brain are the constructs—thought and memory—that make various determinations.

The functional basis of the memory extends beyond information categories, to limits and extents in the brain—or regulations. It is what is normal that the brain or a memory function maintains, or seeks to, as signals are sent from areas of the body and back.

Memory Structure for Experiences

There are internal senses [interoception] and external senses [exteroception] all with representations in the memory.

There is similarity with how the memory treats them all. Just like there can be forgetfulness of an information, it is possible for the memory to forget to give the limits or extents of groups cells or tissues, leading to problems in an area of the body.

There are disease categories with severity, symptoms, stages, length and no symptoms, they often affect functions given by the brain—or memory

Since bodily functions—located across the body—have representations in memory, affect to one can cause problems for the other, since they are on different ends but unite for functions.

Though the hormone for appetite is ghrelin secreted in the gastrointestinal tract and sent to the hypothalamus to bear the experience to seek food, it is possible to be consumed with activities and not remember food, want or need food, or to be in a bad mood and not be appetitive.

It is also possible to see food and feel like eating, or to have something else remind of food and then to eat. So while the standard explanation of appetite aligns with ghrelin, there are several other [memory] determinations that could induce or inhibit it.

This means that the role of hormones [and neurotransmitters] also construct thought and memory for experiences.

This is similar also to sleep, with melatoninadenosine and the suprachiasmatic nucleus involved, but an activity may drive sleep away or thoughts or worries about things and so on.

So sleep is as well a memory function, which can be displaced by other memory functions.

Most of what the brain—or memory regulates become disrupted in diseases, even if they are not traditionally known as brain diseases: fatigue, lack of appetite, sleeping much or less, intensity of pain, tingling sensations, lack of function and so on, are powered by memory.

It can also be explained that memory shifts are responsible for psychiatric drug side effects, such that they are able to solve for one, but displace others, including of bodily functions represented in an array, in memory.

Memory Labels

Memory is also responsible for learning, cognition and so on. It is also the memory that places mental health.

So how does the memory function collectively beyond the labels of—short term, long term, episodic and so on.

For example, working memory is said to hold thought in mind to use in the moment, but the same property of the so-called working memory can decide mental health or problem. Bad news or good news does not have to be lengthy or detailed, but they can drive affect to extremes.

So the same dimension of working memory can cause anxiety or happiness, showing that the neutrality of working memory defines it but does not apply broadly to mental health for undefined types.

There is also predictive coding and processing, as terms explaining how the brain works predictions where: it has an internal model used to guess the external model, but differences come up as prediction error, so it updates its internal model.

Predictions can be more broadly termed expectations, especially how they hold power for mental health. Disappointment or things not going as planned could become serious mind turbulence, but the thought and memory function of disappointment is different from what predictive coding, processing, controlled hallucination, best guess or the free energy principle presents.

There is a paper on, “The Predictive Coding Account of Psychosis”, stating that, “Here, inferences regarding the current state of the world are made by combining prior beliefs with incoming sensory signals. Mismatches between prior beliefs and incoming signals constitute prediction errors that drive new learning. Psychosis has been suggested to result from a decreased precision in the encoding of prior beliefs relative to the sensory data, thereby garnering maladaptive inferences.”

So how does ‘encoding prior beliefs relative to the sensory data work’? That has not been specifically described, or the thought and memory function, unexplained too.

Conceptual Brain Science Model of Thought and Memory

All senses, according to brain science, collect at the thalamus, except for smell?—?collected at the olfactory bulb. It is where they are processed or integrated, before relay to the cerebral cortex for interpretation.

It can be theorized that sensory processing or integration is into a new identity, unit or quantity to represent or become the version of senses in the brain.

This new identity is postulated to be thought or its form. It is the thought version of senses that emerges from processing or integration, to become the relayed quantity for interpretation.

This means that the smell is no longer the smell, but a thought version of the smell, similar to the sight of a car, house, or the sound of a vowel, or the taste or touch of things, identified as thought to the brain.

Interpretation is propounded to be knowing, feeling and reaction. Knowing is memory, feeling follows—experienced as the affect in the moment, then reaction, parallel or perpendicular.

The memory is the first stop for the thought version of senses. It is where other thoughts are stored, in small and large stores. Small stores contain the least possible unique information on anything, while large stores contain commonness or similarities between small stores.

This means that major common functions within the body as well as common things from the external are large stores, since all the similarities they have are there. So what happens during activities and interactions is that small stores, those resident, or those that relay directly go to large stores corresponding to those inputs.

It is what happens in sequences, and not just the memory of several things in one place, but a transport from store to store, every moment for everything, for what to remember, feel-like, understand, find familiar, infer and so on.

Sequences are also important, as well as the splits, or go-before of small stores, to determine what to expect, say next, or do, according to prior experiences: specifically defining the functional basis of anticipation, away from predictions [as in predictive coding and predictive processing].

What working memory also is, is similar to a store in memory that goes before to sweeps or keep what is needed, or came in, holding it to make it available, without having to transport to destination for feelings, such that it is neutral.

Feelings follow action in the memory, then reaction.

Large stores have a principal spot where just one can go in a moment, to dominate experience, or mood, like the heaviness in a depression.

Just one small store is in prioritization at any moment, others are in pre-prioritization but interchanges with prioritization are fast and numerous.

Pre-prioritization does not mean they are not processing functions or transporting, they are, but they don’t travel extensively or beyond, in expression of experiences.

Most times, multiple things exchange for prioritization in the moment, making it seem like they are all getting attention, but just one is prioritized. Awareness is a form of pre-prioritization.

The National Economic Case for Mental Health and Addiction Care Development

Displaying thought and memory in every situation of mental health could define the future of medicine and wellness, based on conceptual brain science.

There are several countries of the world with programs in brain science or related fields, but where the treasure is, is thought and memory, telling the story of brain-wide construct.

This could become services for hospitals so they offer to people the display in every case or situation, across demography.

Everyone has a brain, what goes on inside is complex, but polarizing between thought and memory, by a nation, incentivizing local teams, or having it as an all in project could change the future of care.

It could be Ireland, Mexico, Brazil, Spain, Namibia, Canada, Thailand, Antigua, Turkey, Tonga or others, building something new to bring revenues from elsewhere, away from looking for foreign direct investments that remain competitive.

David Stephen does research in theoretical neuroscience. He has a research experience in computer vision at Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona. He was a visiting scholar in medical entomology at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. He blogs on

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