The United States has been a world leader in artificial intelligence (AI) development and implementation, but it has lagged behind in regulating the technology. This is beginning to change; however, as American lawmakers have started to take notice of the potential risks posed by AI and are working on ways to address them.
One of the most prominent examples of AI regulation in the US is the Algorithmic Accountability Act, introduced by Senators Cory Booker and Brian Schatz in 2018. The bill would require companies to conduct audits of their algorithms to identify bias and discriminatory effects and to provide remedies for any such problems. The bill has received support from a number of tech companies and civil rights organizations, but it has yet to be passed by Congress.
In addition to the Algorithmic Accountability Act, there are a number of other legislative initiatives dealing with AI regulation in the US. For example, the Federal Trade Commission has begun investigating companies that use AI in their business practices, and Congress is considering a number of bills that would address issues such as facial recognition technology and “killer robots”.
As AI becomes increasingly prevalent in society, it is likely that regulation of the technology will continue to be a hot-button issue in the US. American lawmakers will need to strike a balance between protecting the public from the potential risks posed by AI and ensuring that the country remains a leader in the development and implementation of the technology.
In North and Central America, AI legislation is still in its early stages. The US has yet to pass any dedicated laws on the regulation of artificial intelligence, though a number of bills have been introduced in Congress. In contrast, Canada has taken a more proactive approach, passing the world’s first national AI strategy in 2017. This strategy includes a CA$125 million (US$93.6 million) investment in AI research and development, as well as a number of ethical principles for the use of AI.
In South America, Brazil has been at the forefront of AI regulation, with a dedicated law on the subject passed in 2018. This law requires all companies using AI to disclose their algorithms and give individuals the right to information about how they are being used. Chile has also taken steps to regulate AI, with a new law passed in 2019 that requires all companies using AI to register with the country’s data protection authority.
The regulation of artificial intelligence is a complex and ever-evolving area. As more countries around the world take steps to control the development and use of AI, it is likely that we will see a patchwork of different approaches emerge.
Overview of Legislation in America
The United States has been a world leader in AI research and development for many years. However, the country has only recently begun to seriously consider the implications of AI technology on society and the economy. Currently, there is no comprehensive federal AI law or regulations in America. Instead, AI policy is largely developed at the state and local levels.
One of the most significant pieces of AI legislation in the United States is the Algorithmic Accountability Act, introduced in Congress in 2019. If enacted, this law would require companies to conduct impact assessments of their automated decision-making systems. The assessments would need to consider factors such as fairness, accuracy, and bias. Companies would also be required to make their assessment results available to the public.
Several states have also enacted or are considering AI legislation. For example, in 2018, California passed the Artificial Intelligence Privacy Act, which requires companies to disclose information about the use of AI on customers’ personal data. And in 2019, New York City passed a law that prohibits landlords from using predictive analytics to screen tenants.
As AI technology continues to develop and its impact on society becomes more apparent, it is likely that federal, state, and local lawmakers will continue to debate and pass AI legislation.
AI Legislation in North America
In North America, artificial intelligence (AI) legislation is still in its early stages. However, lawmakers in the United States and Canada are beginning to introduce bills and regulations that would address issues related to AI development and implementation.
In the United States, federal AI legislation has been introduced in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House bill, the Artificial Intelligence Initiative Act, would establish a national AI strategy and create a new Office of Artificial Intelligence within the National Science Foundation. The Senate bill, the FUTURE of AI Act, would create a Federal Coordinating Council on Artificial Intelligence and direct the National Science and Technology Council to develop a national strategic plan for AI research and development.
In Canada, the government has established an expert panel to provide advice on the development of a national AI strategy. The panel’s report, released in March 2017, made several recommendations, including the creation of a pan-Canadian AI research network and the establishment of ethical guidelines for AI development.
At the state and provincial levels, AI legislation has been introduced in a number of jurisdictions. In 2016, the state of Illinois passed the Illinois Right to Know Act, which requires companies to disclose when they are using automated decision-making systems and gives individuals the right to know why they have been denied a job or loan. A number of other states, including California, New York, and Washington, are considering similar legislation.
In Canada, the province of Ontario has passed the Ontario AI Strategy Act, which requires the government to develop a plan for the development and implementation of AI in the province. The act also establishes an Expert Panel on Artificial Intelligence, which will provide advice on ethical and policy issues related to AI development.
As AI technology continues to evolve, it is likely that more legislation will be introduced in North America and around the world to address issues related to its development and implementation.
AI Legislation in Central America
As of September 2019, there is no specific legislation regulating AI in Central America. However, various laws and regulations touching on aspects of AI exist in the region.
In terms of data protection, Panama has implemented a law that establishes rules for the handling of personal data (the “Data Protection Law”). The Data Protection Law requires entities that process personal data to comply with certain principles, including (i) obtaining the consent of the data subject for the processing of their personal data; (ii) ensuring the accuracy and quality of the personal data processed; (iii) storing the personal data for no longer than is necessary for the purposes for which it was collected; and (iv) ensuring the security of the personal data.
In terms of e-commerce, Costa Rica has implemented a law that regulates certain aspects of electronic commerce (the “E-Commerce Law”). The E-Commerce Law, among other things, establishes rules for the formation of contracts electronically and requires businesses engaged in electronic commerce to provide certain information to consumers, such as the business name, address, and contact information.
In terms of consumer protection, Guatemala has implemented a law that establishes rules for the protection of consumers (the “Consumer Protection Law”). The Consumer Protection Law, among other things, requires businesses to provide certain information to consumers, such as the price of goods and services and the terms and conditions of sale.
In terms of intellectual property, Honduras has implemented a law that regulates copyrights and related rights (the “Copyright Law”). The Copyright Law protects works of literature, art, and science, as well as derivative works. It also establishes rules for the use of copyrighted works, such as the need to obtain the author’s permission for the use of the work.
In terms of telecommunications, Nicaragua has implemented a law that regulates the sector (the “Telecommunications Law”). The Telecommunications Law, among other things, requires telecommunications service providers to obtain a license from the Nicaraguan Institute of Telecommunications (Telcor) in order to provide services. The law also establishes rules for the use of spectrum and requires telecommunications service providers to interconnect their networks.
While there is no specific legislation regulating AI in Central America, the region has a number of laws and regulations that touch on aspects of AI. These include laws and regulations relating to data protection, e-commerce, consumer protection, intellectual property, and telecommunications.
AI Legislation in South America
In recent years, artificial intelligence (AI) has been one of the fastest-growing fields of technology. As AI capabilities have expanded, so too has the debate over how these technologies should be regulated. In South America, this debate is particularly relevant given the region’s diverse array of cultures and traditions.
To date, there is no comprehensive AI legislation in South America. However, a number of countries have begun to address the issue through various means. In Brazil, for example, the government has established a working group to study the implications of AI and develop recommendations for regulation. And in Chile, lawmakers are considering a bill that would create an AI research center and establish ethical guidelines for the use of these technologies.
As the debate over AI regulation continues, it is likely that more countries in South America will take action to address this issue. And as AI technologies become more widespread, it will be increasingly important to ensure that they are used in a responsible and ethical manner.
South America has also become a hotbed for artificial intelligence (AI) development and research. Numerous startups and tech companies have sprung up across the continent, attracted by its large pool of talent and relatively low costs.
Now, several countries in the region are looking to pass legislation around AI in an attempt to regulate the nascent industry and ensure that its growth is sustainable. Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Mexico have all introduced bills related to AI in the past year, and more are expected to follow suit.
The legislation proposed so far has mostly focused on data protection and privacy issues, as well as the ethical use of AI. These are important issues that need to be addressed, but there are other aspects of AI that should also be considered in any future legislation.
For example, many experts believe that AI will lead to the displacement of millions of jobs in the coming years. As such, countries should consider measures to help those who will be affected by job losses due to automation. Additionally, the development of autonomous weapons systems is a real concern for many people, and any AI legislation should address this issue head-on.
It remains to be seen how effective any of this legislation will be in the long run, but it’s clear that South America is taking the lead in regulating AI. This is a positive development that could set a precedent for other regions to follow.
The American AI landscape is complex and ever-evolving. With so many different stakeholders involved in the development and regulation of AI, it can be difficult to keep track of all the moving pieces. In this article, we provided an overview of AI legislation and regulation in America, highlighting some of the key players and issues at play.
Despite the challenges, it is clear that the US is committed to being a leader in AI. The country has invested heavily in research and development, and its companies are at the forefront of innovation. However, as AI technologies become more ubiquitous and powerful, there is an increasing need for regulation. While the US has made some progress in this area, there is still much work to be done.
As AI technologies continue to develop and become more widely used, it is crucial that the US government keeps up with the latest trends and ensures that its regulations are adequate. Only by doing so can the country maintain its position as a world leader in AI.
Marc-Roger Gagné MAPP